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W3C - The World Wide Web Consortium

The World Wide Web Consortium was created in October 1994 to lead the World Wide Web to its full potential by developing common protocols that promote its evolution and ensure its interoperability.

W3C Web - Accessibility Initiative (WAI)

The World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C) commitment to lead the Web to its full potential includes promoting a high degree of usability for people with disabilities.

WAI, in coordination with organizations around the world, pursues accessibility of the Web through five primary areas of work: technology, guidelines, tools, education and outreach, and research and development.

Evaluating Web Sites for Accessibility

Guidelines: WAI Web Content Accessibility Curriculum



Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0
Explains in detail how to make a Web site accessible for people with a variety of disabilities.

Checklist for Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0
Prioritized list of checkpoints for making Web sites accessible; an outline of the information in the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines.

Techniques for Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0
Detailed markup examples and explanations of how to implement the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines.

New Working Draft of Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.

This Working Draft presents an initial reorganization and begins to incorporate other feedback received since the publication of WCAG 1.0 in May 1999.
This Working Draft for version 2.0 builds on WCAG 1.0. It has the same aim: explain how to make Web content accessible to people with disabilities. Incorporating feedback on WCAG 1.0, this Working Draft of version 2.0 focuses on checkpoints. It attempts to apply checkpoints to a wider range of technologies and to use wording that may be understood by a more varied audience.

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines Working Group (WCAG WG) Home Page

Checkpoint Mapping Between WCAG 1.0 and WCAG 2.0 Working Draft.

Accessibility Features of CSS
Detailed technical discussion of features in W3C's Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) that support accessibility of Web content when CSS is used to control the "presentation" (visual or auditory display) of HTML documents.



American with Disabilities Act Home Page

"The New Freedom Initiative... is to help Americans with disabilities realize their potential and to achieve their dreams. "Remarks by the President, at the CAPTEC Assistive Technology Center, June 19, 2001.

Center For IT Accommodation (CITA)

Government site established in 1984, the Center for IT Accommodation (CITA) is a nationally recognized model demonstration facility influencing accessible information environments, services, and management practices. To achieve this goal, CITA works with an expanding network of public and private sector partners.

CPS - Computer Usage

A joint Project Between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of the Census. Data on Internet and computer usage.

Final Standards for Electronic and Information Technology.

GCN - Government Computer News

October 23, 2000 article. Guidelines to help agencies comply with the Section 508 directive that information technology be accessible to disabled users.

The Access Board - Accessibility Guidelines and Standards

The Access Board is an independent Federal agency devoted to accessibility for people with disabilities. It operates with about 30 staff and a governing board of representatives from Federal departments and public members appointed by the President.

The Growing Digital Divide In Access For People With Disabilities By Cynthia D. Waddell, JD

The growth and success of the emerging digital economy requires that attention be paid to the mechanism for enabling dynamic participation. Unless the civil rights of America’s 54 million people with disabilities are addressed during this period of rapid, technological development, the community will be locked out from participation on the basis of disability and the technological world will not be enriched by their diverse contributions.

Section 508

Section 508 requires that Federal agencies electronic and information technology is accessible to people with disabilities.

Web Accessibility (standards)

This site was developed for the Achieving Web Site Accessibility Conference held in June of 1999. It has been updated by Aging and Adult Services Administration, Department of Social and Health Services, to assist in the development of web sites that are accessible to all of Washington's citizens.




Related news

Computer Society

Web access for all—including those with disabilities—may be a legal requirement. Simple guidelines for site and page design can help you avoid future problems as well as improve site ease-of-use.

One article is on the "National federation of the blind sues AOL."

Government Technology

Breaking The Access Barrier by Steve Towns - February 2001.

ICDRI - The International Center for Disability

More resources on the Internet. The Center collects and presents the best practices in areas related to disability and accessibility issues. Section 508 Summary

Making Web Pages More Accessibility

This article offers practical tips for making Web pages more accessible, including accommodating users who are unable to use or have difficulty using a mouse. (5 printed pages)


Article on "Disabled Web Access Made Easier"
By Jeffrey Benner
May 30, 2001 PDT

ZDNet - Tech Update, Business and Technology Today

Article on "Disability laws take flight"
By Lisa Vaas
eWEEK, March 5, 2001



Cast Bobby

Bobby is a free service provided by CAST to help Web page authors identify and repair significant barriers to access by individuals with disabilities.

IBM Home Page Reader

Home Page Reader provides unprecedented Web access by quickly, easily, and efficiently speaking Web page information. Using the keyboard to navigate, a person who is blind or who has a visual impairment can hear the full range of Web page content provided in a logical, clear, and understandable manner.

IBM Web Accessibility Center

Includes W3C checklist.

Freedom Scientific - Blind/Low Vision Group

JAWS screen reader and other products.

Light House

Lighthouse International is a leading resource worldwide on vision impairment and vision rehabilitation. In addition to our widely accessible design, we offer resources to bring the Internet to everyone, regardless of sight.


Lynx is a text browser for the World Wide Web

Microsoft Accessibility

Microsoft Active Accessibility 2.0 is a COM-based technology that improves the way accessibility aids work with applications running on Microsoft Windows operating systems.

NCAM - National Center for Accessible Media

NCAM is a research and development facility that works to make media accessible to underserved populations such as disabled persons, minority-language users, and people with low literacy skills.

W3C HTML Validation Service

Welcome to the W3C HTML Validation Service; a free service that checks documents like HTML and XHTML for conformance to W3C Recommendations and other standards.

WAVE 2.01

(PIAT) Pennsylvania's Initiative on Assistive Technology. A program of the Institute on Disabilities. Helps you check if your page is accessible to people with disabilities.

WDG - Web Design Group

WDG HTML Validator.



All Things Web

The primary focus of ATW is to help Web designers and authors create usable Web pages. Usable means many things: structurally sound, long-lived, syntactically correct, broadly accessible, easily navigable. ATW refers to usable Web pages as "reader-friendly."

Aware Center

AWARE stands for Accessible Web Authoring Resources and Education, and our mission is to serve as a central resource for web authors for learning about web accessibility.

Information Technology and Disabilities

This edition of Information Technology and Disabilities is partially supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation.


The National Rehabilitation Information Center -- Serving the Nation's Disability Community. Information for Independence.

Funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) to serve anyone, professional or lay person, who is interested in disability and rehabilitation, including consumers, family members, health professionals, educators, rehabilitation counselors, students, librarians, administrators, and researchers.

National Arts and Disability Center

Designing Accessible Web Pages for the Internet: The following resources provide information on how to design accessible web pages for persons with disabilities.

Nielsen Norman Group - Strategies to enhance the user experience.

The philosophy of the Nielsen Norman Group is simple: To help companies enter the age of the consumer, designing human-centered products and services.

Penn State Web Accessibility

This Web site was created to help Penn State faculty develop, adjust, or adapt Web-based course materials so that they are completely accessible, and to raise both faculty and staff's awareness of disability issues as they affect teaching and learning with technology.

Trace Center - Designing More Usable Web Sites

The Trace Research & Development Center is a part of the College of Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Founded in 1971, Trace has been a pioneer in the field of technology and disability.

Mission is to prevent the barriers and capitalize on the opportunities presented by current and emerging information and telecommunication technologies, in order to create a world that is as accessible and usable as possible for as many people as possible.

TSBVI - Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired

"A Center for Educational Services for All Blind and Visually Impaired Students in Texas.".


Mike Paciello, Founder of WebABLE, is an international authority on Web accessibility and assistive technology. WebABLE is a web infrastructure company providing accessibility consulting and real-time accessibility to web sites to insure Internet, Network, Software, and Web accessibility to people with disabilities. WebABLE is dedicated to stimulating education, research, and development of technologies that ensure equality of access to information technology for all people.

WebAim - Web Accessibility In Mind

The Web Accessibility "How-To." This site includes information, training, courses, and other resources to help make the internet accessible to those with disabilities.

Web Isn't for Everyone...Yet (Web Monkey lessons)

What else can you do to make your pages universally readable? Make sure that every page has text navigation for browsers which don't read images and image maps, include keyboard-only navigation, and don't forget that alt text. Mattmarg also looks at US laws governing accessibility and how they relate to the Internet.